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Human resources are the people who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector, or economy. "Human capital" is sometimes used anonymously with "human resources", although human capital typically refers to a more narrow view (i.e., the knowledge the individuals embody and economic growth). Likewise, other terms sometimes used include "manpower", "talent", "labor", "personnel", or simply "people".

A human-resources department (HR department) of an organization performs human resource management, overseeing various aspects of employment, such as compliance with labour law and employment standards, administration of employee benefits, and some aspects of recruitment.

1. Activities:
A human resources manager has several functions in a company:

Determine needs of the staff.

Determine to use temporary staff or hire employees to fill these needs.

Recruit and train the best employees.

Supervise the work.

Manage employee relations, unions and collective bargaining.

Prepare employee records and personal policies.

Ensure high performance.

Manage employee payroll, benefits and compensation.

Ensure equal opportunities.

Deal with discrimination.

Deal with performance issues.

Ensure that human resources practices conform to various regulations.

Push the employees' motivation.

2. Planning:
Administration and operations used to be the two role areas of HR. The strategic planning component came into play as a result of companies recognizing the need to consider HR needs in goals and strategies.

HR directors commonly sit on company executive teams because of the HR planning function. Numbers and types of employees and the evolution of compensation systems are among elements in the planning role.[11] Various factors affecting Human Resource planning Organizational Structure, Growth, Business Location, Demographic changes, environmental uncertainties, expansion etc. Additionally, this area encompasses the realm of talent management. .

3. Manpower Supply:
Manpower Recruitment or Supply Agency means any person engaged in providing any. service, directly or indirectly, in any manner for recruitment or supply of manpower, temporarily otherwise, to a client;

Supply of Manpower means supply of manpower, temporarily or otherwise, to another person to work under HIS SUPERINTENDENCE OR CONTROL

The concept of employment involves three ingredients;
(1) employer
(2) employees and
(3) the contract of employment.
The employer is one who employs, i.e, one who engages the services of other persons. The employee is one who works for another for hire . The employment is the contract of service between the employer and the employee where under the employee agrees to serve the employer subject to his superintendence and control.